The Mountains of Maine: Skiing in the Pine Tree State
On loan from the New England Ski Museum, this exhibit features some 60 photographs and artwork with text and captions drawn from the collections of the NESM, with considerable assistance provided by the Ski Museum of Maine — which was instrumental in securing the display for BHS and which has loaned a number of posters and artifacts to augment the photographs.
In the annals of New England skiing, the State of Maine was both a leader and a laggard. The first historical reference to the use of skis in the region dates back to 1871 in New Sweden, where a colony of Swedish immigrants had been induced to settle in the untamed reaches of northern Aroostook County. The first booklet to offer instruction in skiing to appear in the United States was printed in 1905 by the Theo A. Johnsen Company of Portland. Despite these early glimmers of skiing awareness, when the sport began its ascendancy to popularity in the 1930s, the state’s likeliest venues were more distant, and public land ownership less widespread than was the case in the neighboring states of New Hampshire and Vermont, and ski area development in those states was consequently greater. Only in the 1950s did the construction of alpine ski sites become commonplace in Maine, many of them conceived as economic development initiatives. From 1950 until the mid-1970s ski areas sprouted all over the state, until ski area creation slowed nationwide. Maine’s relatively late start allowed its ski area builders to benefit from the expertise of ski resort planners like Sel Hannah and the Sno-engineering firm, and permitted its state government to enact environmental legislation before overdevelopment marked the landscape as it had elsewhere. Numbered among Maine’s distinctive impacts on skiing are far-ranging Nordic marathons; inventions and improvements in snow grooming tractors and implements; a unique university program that trained students for varied careers in the ski business; and the organizational and financial know-how one ski area owner employed to create an assemblage of ski areas on a national scale.